Category Archives: Research

Travel vaccinations – painful but at least you get a lollipop

Travel vaccinations, do they leave you with the same range of motion as a penguin that’s been punched in both wings? Yes! Are they worth it. Yes!

Today I took a trip down to my local travel clinic to run through our list of travel spots and establish which vaccinations husband and I would need. I thought we’d need about three, she says naively, when actually it came to a whopping, grand total of six. Four administered by injection into the upper arm and two taken orally. However, I’m now feeling pretty damn confident that I can take most of whatever each country can throw at me and I got a lollipop out of it.

Vaccination Form Virus Occurs
Yellow Fever Injection The virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. This vaccination is a must if you are going to sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America.  Make sure you get an  International Certificate of Vaccination which they will most likely charge and additional fee for. Some countries require all travelers to show proof of yellow fever vaccination before they can enter the country. Other countries require proof of vaccination only if travelers have been in a risk area.
Hepatitis A Injection The virus is transmitted through direct person-to-person contact; contaminated water, ice, or shellfish harvested from sewage-contaminated water; or from contaminated raw fruits, vegetables, or other foods. Common throughout the developing world
Typhoid Injection Typhoid fever is a serious disease spread by contaminated food and water. Travelers to Asia, Africa, and Latin America are especially at risk, and the highest risk for typhoid is in south Asia.
One injection for Diphtheria, Tetanus, Polio and Pertussis Injection Diphtheria is an illness that is spread through coughing and sneezing. If an infected person has skin sores, it can also be spread by touching the sores. Endemic in many countries in Africa, South America, Asia, the South Pacific, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe and in Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Tetanus is an illness that can occur after an injury with a contaminated object. Tetanus occurs throughout the world, and international travel generally does not increase the risk.
Polio is a disease caused by a virus that affects the nervous system and is mainly spread by person-to-person contact. Polio can also be spread by drinking water or other drinks or eating raw or under-cooked food that are contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Travelers going to certain parts of Africa and Asia may be at risk for polio.
 Pertussis, also known as “whooping cough,” is a contagious disease spread when infected people cough and sneeze near others. Pertussis is seen in all countries, so all travelers are at risk. Pertussis rates are the highest in developing countries.
Cholera Effervescent taken orally. A person can get cholera by consuming contaminated drinking water or food. The disease is endemic to parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South America.
Malaria Course of tablets taken orally. Malaria is a disease spread through mosquito bites. Malaria occurs in Africa, Central and South America, parts of the Caribbean, Asia, Eastern Europe, and the South Pacific

For much more detailed information on these and other vaccinations plus up to date travelers health information go to CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

So there you have it, if you’re going to any of the aforementioned countries it’s highly recommended that you get your travel vaccinations up to date. Any discomfort and expense you suffer now is a fraction compared to what you could incur if you got sick abroad. Not to mention putting a bit of a dampener on what I’m sure will be a marvelous trip.


The average cost of a Beer

For any self-respecting, youngish adult traveler this is one of the easiest, if not the only, universal way of figuring out
exchange rates and how much bang you’ll get for your buck.

Below is a rough indicator of exchange rates and the average cost of domestic beers (500ml draught). Bear in mind exchange rates fluctuate daily and are impacted by many factors, but most importantly foreign currency is just a product for sale like any other. The seller will buy lots of currency at a wholesale rate (called the spot rate) and apply their own margin resulting in the final exchange rate they offer, this will vary from supplier to supplier depending on how much of a margin they choose to apply. So, as with anything else you would buy, make sure you shop around for the best rate don’t just purchase currency from the first hole in the wall because it’s convenient. If you are on any sort of budget shopping around for a good exchange rate can be a great way to maximise on whatever you have saved up.

Country Currency Exchange Rate Avg. Cost of Beer £ Conversion
Australia Australian Dollar 1.7 6.5 £3.82
Bali, Indonesia Indonesian Rupiah 17718.9 25,000.00 £1.41
Bolivia United States Dollar 1.6 1.5 £0.94
Cambodia United States Dollar 1.6 1 £0.63
China Chinese Yaun 9.4 8 £0.85
Cuba United States Dollar 1.6 1 £0.63
Hong Kong Hong Kong Dollar 12.1 30 £2.48
India* Indian Rupees 100.0 90 £0.90
Laos United States Dollar 1.6 1.36 £0.85
Malaysia Malaysian Ringgit 4.9 10 £2.04
Myanmar (Burma) United States Dollar 1.6 1 £0.63
New Zealand New Zealand Dollar 1.8 7 £3.89
Peru Peru Nuevo Sol 4.2 5 £1.19
Philippines Philippine Peso 66.4 41.06 £0.62
Singapore Singapore Dollar 1.9 6 £3.16
Thailand Thai Baht 49.8 60 £1.20
Vietnam Vietnamese Dong 31592.9 20,000.00 £0.63

*Don’t forget you can’t take Indian Rupees in or out of India you can only purchase them when you get into the country so of course you’ll have to spend them all before you go, it’s a tough job but someone has to do it


The Tourist Visa: A Riddle, Wrapped in a Mystery Hidden Inside an Embassy

So lets start where everyone, at some point, has to start – the dreaded visa. For the last seven years I have wielded the almighty power of the British passport so I tend to forget that once in a while a country might demand a tourist visa. However, prior to that I had a South African passport which is hardly the ticket to the world so I am well versed in having to get visas to go absolutely anywhere and everywhere.

It just so happens that our first destination , Sri Lanka, is one of the countries that requires a visa and I must be honest so far the process has been painless. Sri Lankan passport control have implemented an ETA (Electronic Travel Authorization) system which consists of a simple online form  that requires your personal, passport, flight and  accommodation details. After paying the standard $30 I received an email stating they were processing my application and within five minutes (I’m not exaggerating, I double checked the times) I received an ETA approval email. When I get to the airport I need to produce my passport together with return air ticket (we have onward tickets to India) and proof of sufficient funds. From reading other online discussions sufficient funds can be proven with a credit card of cash to the value of $30 a day, some are saying $15 a day but most people seem to think $30 to be safe. Interestingly enough most discussions are saying that they have never been asked to show proof of funds so we’ll see how that goes.

This has got me thinking about other country requirements so I have taken our prospective list of countries and done some poking around on embassy websites, it looks like a few of the countries don’t require tourist visas or they can be purchased at the airport but some visas will need to be acquired before prior to arrival.

I have summarised the results below for anyone that’s interested.

Please note: This is based on having a British passport, make sure you check with the countries embassy before you travel as there is always the chance they change their laws.

Country Fees Notes
Myanmar (Burma) £14 You will need to get a visa before you travel. You should apply at the nearest Burmese Embassy or Consulate well in advance of travelling. Or Myanmar Visa has an online service You can stay for 4 weeks from date of arrival, extendable by 2 weeks = $36, 4 weeks = $72. If you enter Burma via the Muse (Burma Shan State) or Tamu (Burma Chin State) border crossings you must exit at the crossing from which you entered.
Thailand N/A  British passport holders arriving by air can enter Thailand for 30 days without a visa. If you’re arriving at an overland crossing, you’ll only be given visa free entry valid for 15 days.
Vietnam £75 From embassy, you can apply for Visa in person or by post. A 90-day, tourist, multiple-entry visa fee cost £95
Philippines  N/A You can enter the Philippines without a visa for an initial period of 30 days. You can also get a tourist visa from the Philippine Embassy before you travel, which will allow an initial 59 day stay
Laos $35  You can get a visa on arrival. If you are in the region, you can get a long-stay visa from the Laos Embassy in Bangkok or Hanoi. If you are in the UK the nearest Laos Embassy is in Paris.
Cambodia $20 You can get a visa on arrival at most ports of entry.
The Cambodian Ministry of Foreign Affairs operates an electronic visa (e-Visa) which costs US $20 for 1 month, can be extended for only 1 extra month.
Payment is in $US only. You will need to bring 2 passport photos.
Hong Kong N/A You can visit Hong Kong for up to 6 months without a visa. If you are travelling to mainland China via Hong Kong you must get a Chinese visa before arrival at the border.
Malaysia N/A British nationals don’t need a visa to visit Malaysia. You will normally be given permission to stay for 3 months on arrival.
Bali, Indonesia $25 British nationals need a visa to enter Indonesia. You can get a 30-day visa on arrival
Singapore N/A You don’t normally need a visa to enter Singapore for stays of up to 30 days for tourism
China British nationals need a visa to enter mainland China, you must get a visa prior to arrival, including for Hainan Island.
India £92.20 You must get a visa before travelling to India. Up to 6 months
Sri Lanka $30 You will need a visa to enter Sri Lanka. You can get a short stay visa through an online visa application process
Nepal $25 – $100 You will need a visa to travel to Nepal. Visas are available on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport and at some land borders. You can pay in pounds sterling at the airport. Bring two passport-sized photos with you.
15 days=$25, 30 days=$40, 90 days=$100

Decisions, Decisions

Having made the momentous, if somewhat impetuous, decision to go travelling we had to figure out where in the world we’d like to go. As a product of the 20th century my first point of call is, of course, Google. Here I found a plethora of travel sites and it became very clear that Southeast Asia is the way forward, the rich culture, landscapes, weather not to mention cost of living makes it a undeniably perfect travel option. I’ve also been lucky enough to holiday in Thailand but only had a few weeks to explore a small portion of this gorgeous country so can’t wait to go back without any time limit.
We’ve been discussing the countries we want to travel to and every time we chat a new country gets added to the list, I think we are going to have to employ the scientific ‘pick from the hat’ method to decide. Something we do agree on is we are only going to choose and plan the first destination, after that we’ll make it up as we go along. After having so many years working and adhering to a strict schedule the thought of winging it for a while has the appeal of a oxygen to an asthmatic.

One of the things we do agree on is that we are not in our late teens, we are in our early 30’s and though we won’t be staying in the Hilton there are many accommodation options that don’t require sharing a room with 15 other people. So we have found the middle ground and instead of backpacking we shall be flash-packing or “posh-packing” as the kids like to call it now days. Flash-packing has been defined simply as backpacking on a bit of a bigger budget, it’s on Wikipedia therefore it’s a real thing 🙂